(19 Total References)
Cannabis Churches - Peyote Way v. Thornburgh, 922 F.2d 1210 (5th Cir. 1991)
[**11] During his tenure as NAC National Chairman, Emerson Jackson testified that the NAC is made up of approximately 36 chapters, each separately incorporated by a different tribe and that all NAC members are of 25% Native American ancestry.
The record contains articles of incorporation filed by the Native American Church of Navajoland, Inc. and a "Certificate of Authorization" to transport peyote that requires a tribal enrollment number, corroborating this testimony.
See also Kennedy v. Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs, 459 F.2d 415, 416, 418 (9th Cir. 1972) ("the Native American Church is a religious organization of American Indians drawn from a variety of western tribes;" "membership in the Native American Church is limited to those of at least one-quarter Indian blood"), cert. denied, 409 U.S. 1115, 93 S. Ct. 901, 34 L. Ed.
2d 699 (1973).
Jackson repeatedly testified that tribal membership and 25% Native American ancestry are prerequisites to NAC membership and although Peyote Way's counsel cross-examined him, Peyote Way offers nothing to impeach his testimony.
testified that "in our bylaws, we stipulate that they be 25 percent Indian.
See also Warner, 595 F. Supp. at 601-02 ("the government has filed the by-laws of the Native American Church of North America
, which require members to have at least one-quarter Native American blood").
Peyote Way also cites Trujillo's testimony that he was an NAC member without ever having a tribal enrollment number and that during his NAC membership he saw many who are not Native Americans participate [*1216] in NAC rites and vote for NAC leadership.
Chief Emerson Jackson Sr.
We are honored to be welcoming Navajo Chief Emerson Jackson to the Gathering this year.
Emerson served the Native American Church of North America for 12 years as it's president and for eight years as its executive officer.
As president he incorporated and established Native American Church Chapters in the US, Canada, and Mexico as well as working with the US congress in the passage of the American Indian Religious Freedom Act and its 1994 Amendment, which guaranteed forever the right of American Indians to use the sacred peyote in worship.
He is a retired tribal employee and has worked as an administrator of various social service programs for the Navajo tribe and served on many Native American programs throughout the United States, Canada and Mexico.
was honored by the Maya Indians of Guatemala as a "spiritual leader of America".
The president of the Arizona chapter ...
The president of the Arizona chapter of the Native American Church, Emerson Jackson, says federal representatives spoke with attendees about the rules governing what medicine men use, including eagle feathers, plants and herbs.
The Navajo Nation will host as ...
The Navajo Nation will host as many as 250 medicine men from North and South America, said Emerson Jackson, president of the Arizona chapter of the Native American Church.
Events kick off Thursday with youth activities at the Navajo Tribal Fairgrounds and continues through Sunday.
The Navajo Nation last hosted the event in 1985.
Although workshops, lectures and activities will be held on the Navajo reservation, the information spans state and tribal borders, Jackson
Originating in Oklahoma, the Native American Church
is a religious denomination that uses peyote to allow communion with God and to give healing.
"Whether it's Navajo or other tribes, it's all similar," he
A spokesman from the U.S. Department of Agriculture
is scheduled to speak Saturday regarding the use of plants and herbs, including sage and tobacco, Jackson
"Whatever the medicine man uses, there are rules about that," he
"We want them to know what they can and can't have."
Also on Saturday's agenda is a discussion led by a representative from U.S. Customs and Border Protection, who will relay information about transporting paraphernalia across borders, Jackson
"People are beginning to travel to other countries to practice medicine," Jackson
A Real Commitment | Psychedelics
The FBI had learned of the possession of peyote by the Warners from the president of the NAC of NA, Emerson Jackson (Navajo), so it was he who brought them to trial.
Jackson said that they were not bona fide members of the NAC because they were not Indians.
He maintained that in 1982 a motion had been passed by the NAC of NA to the effect that membership in that organization be limited to persons with one-quarter Indian blood, thereby excluding this white couple.