It stretches from the mythical centuries before the arrival of Captain Cook in 1778 to the arrival of Hawai'i's first coffee planter, Don Marin
, and the immigration of workers from Andalusia, the Philippines and Puerto Rico.
may have been dark skinned as many Andalusians are of Moorish descent.
...Marin stayed in Hawai'i and became an advisor to King Kamehameha.Legend has it that Kamehameha forbade Marin to leave Hawai'i, while journals of western sailors suggested he left several times on adventurous voyages to California and perhaps the South Pacific.He settled down on O'ahu and served as an interpreter aboard visiting merchant ships, providing wise council for Kamehameha in his dealings with western traders.
wrote that he
also grew cotton, cloves, tomatoes, turnips, peppers, limes, and chiles, wheat and barley, and manufactured castor oil, soap, molasses, pickles.He
also had a go at growing sugar.Marin
served long and faithfully in the court of Kamehameha and his
wife Ka'ahumanu as an interpreter, doctor, distiller and military advisor.Following Kamehameha's death at Kona in 1819, Marin became a captain in the Hawaiian army.He
was probably the most influential European living in Hawai'i
in the early 1800s before his
own death in 1837.Marin
was said to have been a paradox to the people of early Honolulu.Known as "Manini" by Hawaiians for not showing aloha in sharing the many and varied fruits of his
well-kept gardens in Honolulu along today's Vineyard Street, Marin
also held a deep concern for the Hawaiian people.
Before the overthrow of the kapu system in 1819, Marin
was obliged to assist with Hawaiian religious ceremonies as part of his
duties to Kamehameha.During this time, he
apparently felt uneasy at displaying a Catholic cross and other overt Christian images in his
own home, though he
privately retained his
is also said to have taken two wives, following Hawaiian custom.And while teaching western ways to Hawaiian royalty - the ali'i, he
refrained from dissuading their tradition of following the teachings of the shaman-the kahuna.
In the journals of Arago, an early European visitor to Hawai'i
, Marin's underground Catholic work is described: "He
told me also that as soon as he
knew a person in danger of death, he
went to the house, and under pretext of administering some medicine, he
baptized the person.He
added that he
had thus saved over three hundred souls from eternal punishment."Marin
didn't take to the Protestant missionaries who arrived in Honolulu in 1820, and felt threatened by their intrusion in the royal kingdom.A Father Short wrote: "There lives in this town an old Spaniard who has been in Sandwich (Isles) for over twenty years.He
possesses great properties and has wives and children who occupy a village by themselves.I have not been informed yet how great their number is.He
baptizes all his
children and teaches them in Spanish ... morning and night he
makes them say their prayers and the beads; on Sundays he
reads the greater part of the mass, his
family gathering around him, and he
gives them an exhortation in Spanish If polygamy were allowed, he
could pass for a patriarch."Marin
told Arago that the first 13 baptisms registered in the Catholic Mission at Honolulu were performed at his
estate by a Mexican merchant from Sonora.
There a Lowell Smith read a passage about Lazarus from the Bible, perhaps partly in rejecting Marin
, because of his
opposition to the missionaries.A newspaper editor complained that Marin
deserved a Catholic burial, but wasn't given one.On November 7, Marin's body was sealed in a proper tomb.The same day one of the strongest tsunami to ever strike Hawai'i
rolled in.Some say it was a sign that Marin
was truly a Hawaiian ali'i, and that the deadly waves provided a portentous Hawaiian omen.
Most of them came from Andalusia, home of Don Marin
.However, unlike other plantation immigrant groups, the Spanish moved on, and by 1930 only 1,219 remained, including a scant eight children born in Hawai'i