(172 Total References)
Study author Christin ...
Study author Christin Munsch, an assistant professor of sociology at Furman University, analyzed the reactions both men and women received when making flexible work requests -- meaning that they either asked to work from home or to work non-traditional hours.
Among those who made flexible work requests, men who asked to work from home two days a week in order to care for a child were significantly advantaged compared to women who made the same request.
, who will present her
research at the 109th Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association
, also found that both men and women who made flexible work requests for childcare related reasons were advantaged compared to those who made the same requests for other reasons.
used a sample of 646 people who ranged in age from 18 to 65 and resided in the United States.
Participants were shown a transcript and told it was an actual conversation between a human resources representative and an employee.
The employee either requested a flexible work arrangement or did not.
Among those who requested a flexible work arrangement, the employee either asked to come in early and leave early three days a week, or asked to work from home two days a week.
also varied the gender of the employee and the reason for the request (involving childcare or not).
After reading their transcript, participants were asked how likely they would be to grant the request and also to evaluate the employee on several measures, including how likeable, committed, dependable, and dedicated they found him or her
Among those who read the scenario in which a man requested to work from home for childcare related reasons, 69.7 percent said they would be "likely" or "very likely" to approve the request, compared to 56.7 percent of those who read the scenario in which a woman made the request.
Almost a quarter -- 24.3 percent -- found the man to be "extremely likeable," compared to only 3 percent who found the woman to be "extremely likeable.
And, only 2.7 percent found the man "not at all" or "not very" committed, yet 15.5 percent found the woman "not at all" or "not very" committed.
"These results demonstrate how cultural notions of parenting influence perceptions of people who request flexible work," Munsch
Regarding the findings on those who made flexible work requests for childcare versus non-childcare related reasons, Munsch
said that "both men and women who requested to work from home or to work atypical hours to take care of a child were viewed as more respectable, likable, committed, and worthy of a promotion, and their requests were more supported than those who requested flexible work for reasons unrelated to childcare."
For example, among those who read a scenario in which an employee asked to work from home two days a week for childcare related reasons, 63.5 percent of the respondents said they would be "likely" or "very likely" to grant the request.
However, only 40.7 percent of those who read a scenario in which an employee asked to work from home two days a week to reduce his
commute time and carbon footprint said they would be "likely" or "very likely" to grant the request.
According to Munsch
, these findings surprised her
"I was surprised because so much of the research talks about how parents -- and mothers in particular -- are discriminated against compared to their childless counterparts," she
"When it comes to flexible work, it seems that engaging in childcare is seen as a more legitimate reason than other, non-childcare related reasons, like training for an endurance event or wanting to reduce your carbon footprint."
While feminists and work-family scholars have championed flexible work options as a way to promote gender equality and as a remedy for work-family conflict, Munsch
said that her
research "shows that we should be hesitant in assuming this is effective."
does not believe employers should eliminate flexible work arrangements, but rather they should be cognizant of their biases and the ways in which they "differentially assess people who use these policies, so as not to perpetuate inequality."
Combating flexibility bias for women and men in the workplace - Christin L. Munsch - Womanthology
Combating flexibility bias for women and men in the workplace - Christin L. Munsch, Assistant Professor, Furman University Sociology Faculty
Christin L. Munsch joined the Furman University sociology faculty in 2013.
teaching interests include social psychology, gender, sexuality, family, work and research methods.
The underlying goal of her
research is to demonstrate how social psychological processes reproduce gender stratification and inequality.
Christin L. Munsch
Christin L. Munsch
In a recently published study into requests for flexible working arrangements, presented at the 109th Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association
found that many arrangements exacerbate discrimination based on parental status and gender.
analysed reactions both women and men received when they made flexible working requests (either asking to work at home
or to work non-traditional hours).
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Christin Munsch is running for ...
Christin Munsch is running for the position of Career Development Chair.
currently an Assistant Professor in the Department of Sociology at Furman University in
South Carolina, and will be joining the Department of Sociology at the University of
Connecticut in January of 2015.
She has been a member of SWS for 10 years (joining in
2004, her first year of graduate school).
She has attended a number of winter and summer
meetings including the summer meetings in Boston (2008), San Francisco (2009, 2014),
Atlanta (2010), Las Vegas (2011), Denver (2012) and New York City (2013); and the
winter meetings in Savannah (2009), San Antonio (2011), Santa Ana Pueblo, NM (2013),
and Nashville, TN (2014).
Christin has had the opportunity to perform a number of
services for SWS.
She has served on both the Academic Justice Committee and the
Membership Committee for the past three years.
She is also on the Welcoming
As a member of the welcoming committee, she has hosted in the hospitality
room at each of the meetings she has attended over the past three years.
Christin is also
responsible for organizing the welcoming activities, including "feminist academic
bingo," on the opening night of the SWS winter meetings.
She has also been a HAND
has put together three SWS
panels in previous years,
including one on how to navigate academia and motherhood and one on how to
effectively communicate with the press. (She has also put together workshops on
communicating science to the press at her
home institution and given guest
lectures on this topic at other universities.)
has moved through multiple stages of the career path at multiple types of
She has been a graduate student, a post doc, and an assistant professor
and has taught at both research-intensive universities and teaching-intensive
? Having participated in the "Faculty Success Program," hosted by the National
Center for Faculty Development and Diversity
has an awareness of the
varying needs and demands over the course of a career (from grad school to
is committed to increasing the employability of SWS
personal passion of Christin's
has been to understand how to succeed in the
academy and to help other scholars navigate this process.
has considerable experience writing for more mainstream, non-academic
produces Hey Jane! (an "advice column" for feminist
sociologists) and Christin
is excited about writing about - and soliciting others to
write about - issues such as grant seeking, job talks, and negotiating service
is committed to attend the SWS
Winter Meeting during her
term of service.