In a randomised controlled study, Kim, Wigram and Gold
(2008) reported that improvisational music therapy was more effective at facilitating joint attention behaviours and non-verbal social communication skills in children than play.
They also reported more and lengthier eye contact and turn-taking.
, Wigram and Elefant (2006) in a review of the effects of music therapy for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) conclude that available studies were of limited applicability to clinical practice.
However they did report that findings indicate that music therapy may help children with ASD to improve their communicative skills.
More research is needed to investigate the effects of music therapy in typical clinical practice, and to examine whether the effects are enduring (Gold, Wigram and Elefant, 2006).
Nordic Journal of Music Therapy.
[Publishes in English and Scandinavian languages] Contact: Dr. Christian Gold
, Editor in Chief, Grieg Academy Music Therapy Research Centre
, (GAMUT), c/o Grieg Academy, Dept. of Music, University of Bergen
, Lars Hilles gt.
3, N-5015, Bergen, Norway; tel: +47 97 50 17 57; fax: +47 55 58 69 60; website: www.njmt.no
, P. and Wimpory, D. (1986).
Recent research into the development of communicative competence and its implications for the teaching of autistic children.
, C., Wigram, T. and Elefant, C. (2006).
Music therapy for autistic spectrum disorder.
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.
Available to download from www.mrw.interscience.wiley.com/cochrane/clsysrev/articles/CD004381/pdf_fs.html
Kim, Wigram and Gold
(2008). â€˜The effects of improvisational music therapy on joint attention behaviors in autistic children: a randomized controlled studyâ€™, Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
, 38(9), pp.
Wigram, T. and Gold
, C. (2006) â€˜Music therapy in the assessment and treatment of autistic spectrum disorder: clinical application and research evidenceâ€™, Child: Care, Health and Development, 32(5), pp.