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Wrong Charles Birkeland?

Charles E. Birkeland

Member, Department of Zoology

University of Hawai‘i at Manoa

Direct Phone: (808) ***-****direct phone

Email: c***@***.edu

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University of Hawai‘i at Manoa

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Web References(63 Total References)


Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: Volume 1: Current State and Trends: Appendices

www.eoearth.org [cached]

Charles Birkeland, University of Hawaii


Defend Science

defendscience.org [cached]

Dr. Charles Birkeland, Department of Zoology, University of Hawaii at Manoa


Defend Science

www.defendscience.org [cached]

Dr. Charles Birkeland, Department of Zoology, University of Hawaii at Manoa


Alert Diver | Crown-of-Thorns and Favorable Disturbance

www.alertdiver.com [cached]

In the early 1980s Charles Birkeland, now professor of biology at the University of Hawaii, proposed the terrestrial runoff hypothesis, stating that nutrients in freshwater runoff, especially from large storms, cause phytoplankton blooms that boost the food supply for COTS larvae.


News & Announcements - American Academy of Underwater Sciences

www.aaus.org [cached]

Charles Birkeland earned his PhD at the University of
Washington by determining how sea pen populations were able to persist despite the intense combined predation pressure from seven species of predators, some of which were specialists on sea pens. Also while a student, he dived from a Coast Guard buoy tender on Cobb Seamount 280 miles off Washington and found that the most common invertebrates on the top at 110 ft depth were ordinarily found in the intertidal and were brooding species that did not disperse larvae in the plankton. In 1970, he spent a continuous three weeks on Tektite and in 1978 spent a week on Hydrolab and published the results from each. The science career of Charles Birkeland has always been underwater where he combined his ecological field experiments with natural history observations. Birkeland was a post-doc at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute from 1970-1975 where he did the first experimental underwater field studies of coral recruitment and demonstrated the importance of nutrient input to the survival of coral recruits and that recruiting larvae often survive better in places they do not actually grow as rapidly. These studies on the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of Panama led to an understanding of how nutrient input affects ecological processes differently on a large scale on coral reefs among the geographic regions of the world. Birkeland was a professor at the University of Guam Marine Laboratory from 1975 to 2000 and at the University of Hawaii from 2000-2010. He has done much of his field work in American Samoa since 1979. He established a research program to determine the capacity of corals to adapt (genetic changes in populations) or acclimatize (behavioral, physiological or morphological changes in individual colonies) to environmental change in pools on the small island of Ofu in American Samoa where the temperatures often fluctuate 6°C daily. He has guided and supported important field transplant experiments that have determined the changes in genes and proteins that come with stress from environmental change, indicating potential to successfully respond to climate change. He had also determined that nutrient input from terrestrial runoff into the coral-reef ecosystem leads to crown-of-thorns starfish outbreaks through fertilization of phytoplankton blooms that feed the starfish larvae. Birkeland has authored or edited four books, 70 papers in scientific journals, dozens of technical reports, and numerous other publications. He was the third President of the International Society for Reef Studies, organized the seventh International Coral Reef Symposium, was given the first Excellence in Research Award by the University of Guam, the award for "Outstanding Scientific Advancement of Knowledge" by the U.S. Coral Reef Task Force, and was elected Honorary Fellow of the Pacific Science Association.


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