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Wrong Charles Birkeland?

Charles E. Birkeland

President

International Society for Reef Studies

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International Society for Reef Studies

Background Information

Employment History

Chairman

The Academy of Underwater Arts and Sciences


Adjunct Associate Professor

University of Guam Marine Lab , Guam


Affiliations

Pacific Science Association

Honorary Fellow


Hawaii Department of Land

Advisor, Hawaii Cooperative Fishery Research Unit Cooperators


University of Hawai‘i at Manoa

Member, Department of Zoology


Education

University of Hawaii


Ph.D.

Science


Web References(64 Total References)


News & Announcements - American Academy of Underwater Sciences

aaus.org [cached]

Charles Birkeland earned his PhD at the University of
Washington by determining how sea pen populations were able to persist despite the intense combined predation pressure from seven species of predators, some of which were specialists on sea pens. Also while a student, he dived from a Coast Guard buoy tender on Cobb Seamount 280 miles off Washington and found that the most common invertebrates on the top at 110 ft depth were ordinarily found in the intertidal and were brooding species that did not disperse larvae in the plankton. In 1970, he spent a continuous three weeks on Tektite and in 1978 spent a week on Hydrolab and published the results from each. The science career of Charles Birkeland has always been underwater where he combined his ecological field experiments with natural history observations. Birkeland was a post-doc at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute from 1970-1975 where he did the first experimental underwater field studies of coral recruitment and demonstrated the importance of nutrient input to the survival of coral recruits and that recruiting larvae often survive better in places they do not actually grow as rapidly. These studies on the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of Panama led to an understanding of how nutrient input affects ecological processes differently on a large scale on coral reefs among the geographic regions of the world. Birkeland was a professor at the University of Guam Marine Laboratory from 1975 to 2000 and at the University of Hawaii from 2000-2010. He has done much of his field work in American Samoa since 1979. He established a research program to determine the capacity of corals to adapt (genetic changes in populations) or acclimatize (behavioral, physiological or morphological changes in individual colonies) to environmental change in pools on the small island of Ofu in American Samoa where the temperatures often fluctuate 6°C daily. He has guided and supported important field transplant experiments that have determined the changes in genes and proteins that come with stress from environmental change, indicating potential to successfully respond to climate change. He had also determined that nutrient input from terrestrial runoff into the coral-reef ecosystem leads to crown-of-thorns starfish outbreaks through fertilization of phytoplankton blooms that feed the starfish larvae. Birkeland has authored or edited four books, 70 papers in scientific journals, dozens of technical reports, and numerous other publications. He was the third President of the International Society for Reef Studies, organized the seventh International Coral Reef Symposium, was given the first Excellence in Research Award by the University of Guam, the award for "Outstanding Scientific Advancement of Knowledge" by the U.S. Coral Reef Task Force, and was elected Honorary Fellow of the Pacific Science Association.


News & Announcements - American Academy of Underwater Sciences

www.aaus.org [cached]

Charles Birkeland earned his PhD at the University of
Washington by determining how sea pen populations were able to persist despite the intense combined predation pressure from seven species of predators, some of which were specialists on sea pens. Also while a student, he dived from a Coast Guard buoy tender on Cobb Seamount 280 miles off Washington and found that the most common invertebrates on the top at 110 ft depth were ordinarily found in the intertidal and were brooding species that did not disperse larvae in the plankton. In 1970, he spent a continuous three weeks on Tektite and in 1978 spent a week on Hydrolab and published the results from each. The science career of Charles Birkeland has always been underwater where he combined his ecological field experiments with natural history observations. Birkeland was a post-doc at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute from 1970-1975 where he did the first experimental underwater field studies of coral recruitment and demonstrated the importance of nutrient input to the survival of coral recruits and that recruiting larvae often survive better in places they do not actually grow as rapidly. These studies on the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of Panama led to an understanding of how nutrient input affects ecological processes differently on a large scale on coral reefs among the geographic regions of the world. Birkeland was a professor at the University of Guam Marine Laboratory from 1975 to 2000 and at the University of Hawaii from 2000-2010. He has done much of his field work in American Samoa since 1979. He established a research program to determine the capacity of corals to adapt (genetic changes in populations) or acclimatize (behavioral, physiological or morphological changes in individual colonies) to environmental change in pools on the small island of Ofu in American Samoa where the temperatures often fluctuate 6°C daily. He has guided and supported important field transplant experiments that have determined the changes in genes and proteins that come with stress from environmental change, indicating potential to successfully respond to climate change. He had also determined that nutrient input from terrestrial runoff into the coral-reef ecosystem leads to crown-of-thorns starfish outbreaks through fertilization of phytoplankton blooms that feed the starfish larvae. Birkeland has authored or edited four books, 70 papers in scientific journals, dozens of technical reports, and numerous other publications. He was the third President of the International Society for Reef Studies, organized the seventh International Coral Reef Symposium, was given the first Excellence in Research Award by the University of Guam, the award for "Outstanding Scientific Advancement of Knowledge" by the U.S. Coral Reef Task Force, and was elected Honorary Fellow of the Pacific Science Association.


Dr. Charles Birkeland, Ph.D. - NOGI

www.auas-nogi.org [cached]

:: Dr. Charles Birkeland, Ph.D. - Science - 2007
Dr. Charles Birkeland, Ph.D. The science career of Charles Birkeland has always been underwater where he combined his ecological field experiments with natural history observations. His PhD thesis, begun in 1965, determined how sea pen populations were able to persist despite the intense combined predation pressure of seven species of predators. Also in the 1960s he discovered the life history dynamics of the invertebrates on Cobb Seamount, 400 miles off the coast of Washington state. The most abundant gastropod and starfish populations at a depth of 110 ft, the top of the seamount, were brooding species (so how could they get to the seamount so far from the coast?), and the gastropod was only found otherwise in the intertidal. Also in the 1960s, he spent a continuous three weeks underwater on Tektite II, determining the predatory behavior of molluscs on sea fans. Birkeland has been doing research on coral reef ecology and management since 1970 when he was a post-doc at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama. He was a professor at the University of Guam Marine Laboratory from 1975 to 2000 and has been at the University of Hawaii since 2000. He has done much of his field work in American Samoa since 1979. The main focus of his research has been the factors that determine reef resilience or capacity for reef systems to recover. He has also been especially involved in determining how life history characteristics of species affect their role in the system, e.g., why the crown-of-thorns starfish has such an impact, and how the older individuals in populations of fishes can have disproportionate effects on the ecosystem and on the resilience of their own populations. While in Panama he did the first experimental underwater field studies of coral recruitment and demonstrated the importance of nutrient input to the survival of coral recruits. These studies on the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of Panama led to an understanding of how nutrient input affected ecological processes on coral reefs on a large scale in different geographic regions of the world. Birkeland also determined that nutrient input into the coral-reef ecosystem leads to crown-of-thorns starfish outbreaks through fertilization of phytoplankton blooms that feed the starfish larvae. He coauthored a book on "Acanthaster planci: major management problem of coral reefs" and edited a textbook on "Life and death of coral reefs". He was the third president of the International Society for Reef Studies, organized the seventh International Coral Reef Symposium, and was recently presented an award for "Outstanding Scientific Advancement of Knowledge" by the U.S. Coral Reef Task Force and was elected Honorary Fellow of the Pacific Science Association.


www.guammarinelab.org

Charles E. Birkeland
Adjunct Associate Professor


www.coopunits.org

Charles Birkeland Unit Leader Email: charlesb@hawaii.edu
Charles Birkeland Hawaii Cooperative Fishery Research Unit Cooperators


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