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4001 Lexington Avenue North
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Land O'Lakes, Inc., one of America's premier agribusiness and food companies, is a member-owned cooperative with industry-leading operations that span the spectrum from agricultural production to consumer foods. With 2016 annual sales of $13 billion, Land O'La... more.
That's according to Chad Zehnder, cattle consultant for Purina Animal Nutrition.
He says that managed pastures can typically support the cow-calf herd from summer and into fall unless environmental conditions cause problems. "In a normal year, we hope to manage our pastures so we have ample forage for the cows," Zehnder says. "If forage is getting low in the pasture, make a switch before the problem is out of hand and the pasture is burnt up," Zehnder advises, explaining that a pasture break will allow it to regrow after periods of overgrazing or dry weather. Pasture substitution, or complementing the pasture with stored forage, is an option to ensure the herd receives the nutrients required when pasture quality becomes low. During periods of pasture stress, stored forages can be fed to the herd. Zehnder says that substitution was an option used by cattle producers during the 2012 drought, but that it is not necessary until winter in most years. "Substitution may be necessary in dry areas in the summer, but, most years, pasture supplementation during the summer and fall is ideal," he says, encouraging producers to work with a cattle nutritionist to create a pasture management and supplementation program. For more information on beef cattle supplements and nutrition, contact Chad Zehnder at (612) 554-2154 or CMZehnder@landolakes.com or go to: http://cattle.purinamills.com/.
The panel consisted of Chad Zehnder, Jarrod Gillig, Angie Denton, and Kyle McMillan.
Lastly, Chad Zehnder, Land O' Lakes Cattle Consultant for the North Central Region, summarized what had attributed to his career successes in five words: • Educate • Diversify
"Calving and rebreeding ideally occur within a relatively short, but very critical, 85-day window," says Chad Zehnder, Ph.D. and cattle consultant with Purina Animal Nutrition.
Cows bred early in the breeding season will result in calves born early in calving season," says Zehnder. Chad Zehnder, Ph.D. and cattle consultant with Purina Animal Nutrition. "We tend to think about the importance of minerals either right at calving or before breeding, but we need to make sure we're providing an adequate mineral program year-round," says Zehnder. "Make sure you have a vaccination program in place for both cows and calves," says Zehnder. "It's easy to get frustrated when there's a bump in the road, but it's important to take an objective approach when a challenge arises," Zehnder says. Every management decision we make throughout the year should focus on a cow delivering a live, healthy calf and being bred back in that timeframe," says Zehnder.
â€œCalving and rebreeding ideally occur within a relatively short, but very critical, 85-day window,â€� says Chad Zehnder, Ph.D. and cattle consultant with Purina Animal Nutrition. â€œHow a heifer or cow calves out at the beginning of the window will impact her ability to get bred at the end of the window, and how quickly rebreeding occurs will impact a cowâ€™s ability to stay on a 365-day calving cycle.â€�
Cows bred early in the breeding season will result in calves born early in calving season,â€� says Zehnder. Chad Zehnder, Ph.D. and cattle consultant with Purina Animal Nutrition. Every management decision we make throughout the year should focus on a cow delivering a live, healthy calf and being bred back in that timeframe,â€� says Zehnder.
"For spring calving herds, the winter months can be the most demanding," says Chad Zehnder, Ph.D. and cattle consultant with Purina Animal Nutrition.
"During this time, a cow is coming out of her second trimester and moving into the third, and the growing fetus and inclement weather puts increased demands on the cow. At the same time, we need to make sure she's primed for a successful calving season." To best prepare for your herd's winter needs, Zehnder recommends the following: 1. Take inventory of feed and labor resources "Whether we're using stored or harvested forages, stockpiled grass or winter range, we need to make sure we're meeting the cow's nutritional requirements," says Zehnder. He recommends producers take inventory of feed resources. "We need to know both quantity and quality of forage so that we can plan ahead for winter supplementation needs." Zehnder also recommends taking note of your labor resources. "Supplementation strategies can range from feeding a total mixed ration (TMR) to utilizing liquid or tub supplements," says Zehnder. Nutrition strategies will vary if you are working to maintain a BCS score or if you need to add weight to build up to those scores," says Zehnder. There's still time to change BCS prior to calving," says Zehnder, who adds, "Maintaining a consistent BCS year-round is the recommended strategy." 3. Take a look at animal health protocols Zehnder also recommends working with a veterinarian to make sure that your animal health protocols are in place and up-to-date going into the winter months. "There's never a bad time to look over protocols, and it's especially important as we go into calving to make sure everything from vaccinations and deworming to calf health protocols are in place and ready to go," he says. "Come spring calving, you'll be confident in the steps you've taken to prepare both the cow and her newborn calf for success." If producers don't prepare for winter herd needs, they could see a situation where cows go backwards in BCS, creating potential rebreeding challenges. "If a cow is not prepared going into her time of highest nutrient requirement - lactation -- she will likely enter the breeding season in poor body condition, which could lead to trouble getting that cow rebred," adds Zehnder. "Evaluating your feed and labor resources, maintaining an acceptable BCS, and making sure your animal health protocols are up to par can help your herd thrive through the winter and into spring." For more information on wintertime nutrition, contact Chad Zehnder at (612) 554-2154 or CMZehnder@landolakes.com or go to: www.purinamills.com/cattle/.