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CARLO FELICE NICOLIS, CONTE DI ROBILANT - LoveToKnow Article on CARLO FELICE NICOLIS, CONTE DI ROBILANT
84.1911encyclopedia.org, 9 Mar 2006 [cached]
ROBILANT, CARLO FELICE NICOLIS, CONTE DI
...CARLO FELICE NICOLIS, CONTE DI ROBILANT
ROBILANT, CARLO FELICE NICOLIS
, CONTE DI (1826 1888), Italian statesman and diplomat, was a native of Turin.He
entered the army, and lost his
left hand at Novara, where he
was aide-dc-camp to Charles Albert, king of Piedmont.He
fought in 1859, a~nd reached the grade of general in the Austrian campaign of 1866, after which he
served on the delimitation commission.He was chief of the Military Academy, and in 1867 was made prefect of Ravenna to suppress political disorder.He was defeated at Turin in the elections for the Chambrin 1870, and was sent in 1871 as minister plenipotentiary to Vienna, where he subsequently became ambassador.He
was connected with the Prussian nobility by his
mother, and he
married an Austrian, a daughter of Prince Edmund Clary-Aldringen.In spite of the active share he
had taken iti driving Austria from Italy, he
was a persona grata at Vienna
, and his
policy was steadily directed to an alliance between the two powers.This was accomplished by the secret terms of the Triple Alliance
in 1882.He was recalled to Rome in 1885 to become minister for foreign affairs in the Depretis cabinet.
Robilants independent attitude as foreign. minister secured greater consideration for Italy from her
allies, but he
did not adapt himself to the exigencies of domestic politics, and his
excessive unpopularity contributed to the downfall of the ministry on the 7th of February 1887, consequent on an adverse vote on the Massawa question.Before leaving office, he
completed the negotiations for the renewal of the Triple Alliance
, and for its extension to cover Anglo-Italian co-operation in the Mediterranean.In the new Depretis-Crispi administration Robilant was not included.He
was sent to London as ambassador in the next year, but died twO months after his
arrival, on the 17th of October 1888.
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