In 1967, Arnold Schultz, now emeritus professor of forestry at the University of California at Berkeley, published a paper entitled The Ecosystem as the Conceptual Tool for the Management of Our Resources.
centered on Feibleman's Laws of Integrated Levels.
Feibleman published his
paper in 1951 and in it he
12 laws of integrative levels.
Up the hierarchy of structure from atoms to molecules, he
had two forks: one going to the non-living things and the other branch to the living world.
Out of Arnold Schultz's
and J. Stan Rowe's papers have come some ideas that are important to us at The Land Institute