"Wear sunblock and don't forget your ears and scalp," says Amy Dourgarian, M.D., an emergency physician with Salem Hospital.
Take an over-the-counter pain reliever if your doctor says it's safe to do so," says Dr. Dourgarian
"Children younger than age 4, adults older than age 65, people who are overweight or have health conditions, and those who take certain medications may be more likely to develop heat-related illness," says Dr. Dourgarian
"Heavy sweating; cool, moist, pale or flushed skin; headache; nausea; and dizziness may be signs of heat exhaustion," says Dr. Dourgarian
"This may lead to heatstroke, a life-threatening condition.
If you have these symptoms, go to a cooler place, loosen your clothing and put cool, wet cloths on your skin.
Slowly drink water."
Signs of heatstroke include dry, red, hot skin; a rapid, weak pulse; and fast, shallow breathing.
The person may be confused or even lose consciousness.
If you think someone has heatstroke, Dr. Dourgarian
advises that you promptly call 9-1-1 or your local emergency number.
Don't give the person anything to eat or drink if he
is vomiting, delirious or unconscious.
Do move him or her
to a cooler place; remove their clothes; apply cool, wet compresses; and use a fan if possible.