The UNDP Kenya Deputy Country Director, Alfredo Teixeira said that the report is a response to the apparent resurgence of disputed presidential elections as well as the toppling of sitting presidents, either through coups or from popular mass uprisings in the continent.
"In the past few years, Kenya, Zimbabwe, Madagascar, Nigeria, Uganda, Cote d'ivore and the Central Africa Republic has experienced political upheavals due poor management of the electoral process," Teixeira
said in Nairobi.
The preliminary findings of the 3 rd African Governance Report (AGR) indicate that elections now appear to be a major source of conflict.
"The research shows that the continent should develop an electoral system that takes into account the multi-ethnic nature of most Africa states," Teixeira
said during the launch of the report in Nairobi.
In most African states, the leaders put the interest of their tribe, ahead of that of the state, he
The research which began in July 2010 and covers about 45 African countries will be released by the end of this year.
"The fact that national research institutions are the ones undertaking the study for the report means local issues could find comprehensive solutions," UNDP
"The report will make appropriate policy recommendations to African governments on how elections can be used as instruments for managing diversity, while also retaining the democratic ideals of credibility, transparency and fairness," Teixeira
"Lack of confidence in the electoral system has led to polarization of the society and political conflict that often leads to civil war," Teixeira