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This profile was last updated on 10/23/03  and contains information from public web pages.

Albert Francis Capone

Wrong Albert Francis Capone?
 
Background

Employment History

  • Lost Battalion

Education

  • degree of public support
  • business administration
    Notre Dame University
Web References
biographies: Alphonsus Al Capone Scareface
www.histclo.com, 23 Oct 2003 [cached]
Figure 1.--Al Capone might have owned Chicago, but he could never be cure that someone might not come after him.
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The result was a ramapange of lawlessness unlike that American had ever seen and Al Capone became a symbol of that lawlessness. Capone was born in Brooklyn, New York of Italian immigrant parents (1899). He was baptized "Alphonsus Capone" and grew up in a rough neighborhood plagued by "kid gangs". Capone was an intelligent child, but quit school in the 6th grade when he was 14 years old. He was soon involved in various youthful scams and worked in a series of low-paying jobs. He gravitated to the notorious Five Points gang in Manhattan and gradually developed into a full-fledged gangster in Frankie Yale's Brooklyn dive, the Harvard Inn where he worked as a bouncer and bartender. It was at the Club that Capone's face was scarred when after insulted a female patron, he was attacked by her brother. It earned him the nickname "Scarface", Capone went on the dominate the Chicago rackets and became a well-known national figure. He had a son, Sonny, to whom he was devoted.
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Capone was an intelligent child, but quit school in the 6th grade. He had beaten up his teacher and after the principal beat him, he decided to leave school. He was 14 years old.
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Luciano and Capone would remain life-long friends.
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Capone gravitated to the notorious Five Points gang in Manhattan and gradually developed into a full-fledged gangster in Frankie Yale's Brooklyn dive, the Harvard Inn where he worked as a bouncer and bartender.
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It was at the Club that Capone's face was scarred when after insulted a female patron, he was attacked by her brother, another hoodlum named Frank Galluccio. It earned him the nickname "Scarface". (Capone later concoted the story that he was wounded serving with the "Lost Battalion" in France dufring World War I. Capone became a mindless killer in New York and the police were getting close with their investigaions. Then after mauling a fellow gangster, Capone decided to flee the city. He headed west for Chicago.
Chicago
Capone went on the dominate the Chicago rackets and became a well-known national figure. No single individual symbolizes the gangsters that dominated American newspapers during the 1920s and early 30s more than "Scarface" Al Capone. Chicago was chosen because his old mentor Torrio, had been summoned by his gangster uncle, Big Jim Colosimo to help run his organization. When Capone arrived in Chicago he found Torrio and Colosimo at odds. Torrio wanted to enter the lucrative new racket of illegal booze. Colosimo wanted to stick to prositution. Capone and Torrio had Colosimo killed and provided each other alibis. Torrio and Capone than began taking ober small mobs all over Chicago. Those who failed to cooperate were eliminated. Only the North Siders effectiveky resisted. Torrio was shot up ans after recovering met with Capone and repotedly said, "Al, it's all yours. Torrio retired to Brooklyn with millions of dollars he had stashed away and became a kind of momster elder statesman. Capone in Chicago transformed himself from a street into an effective, calculating criminal executive. One interesting aspect of Capone's operation in contrast to Luciano in New York was that Caoone was an equal oportunity mobster.
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In an era of gangsters, Capone at a very young age was the most powerful crime boss in America. He boasted that he "owned" Chicago and he was not far from the truth. The Capone organization numbered about 1,000 members, many of whom were experienced gunmen. But the key to Capone's success was the payments to policemen and politicans. Capone monrey flowed to aldermen (city councilmen), state's attorneys, mayors, legislators, governors and even congressmen. Capone even managed to detetmine the outcome of elections. Once when the mayor of Cicero (a Chicago suburb) angered Capone, the gangster seized the mayor on the steps of City Hall and beat him viciously while a police oifficer looked on. Capone worked on his public image. He restricted his organization to criminal activites that had some degree of public support (booze, gambling, and prostitution). He also contributed to cgarities and after the Depressuon began to soup kitchens. Capone demanded loyalty from his men and gave the same in return. As long as his men did not steal from Capone, they had a high degree of security. This was one reason why many smaller gangs jouned Capone rather than fighting him. Betraying the boss was dangerous. Three members of the organization working against Capone had their brains smashed by Indian Clubs--an execution performed personally by Capone after dinner. Capone's most famous action was the St. Valentine Day's Masacre in which the North Side Mob was finally eliminated, although Capone's men missed the intended victim Bugs Moran.
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Capone met an Irish girl named "Mae" Coughlin at a dance.
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Capone and Mae married December 30, 1918 a few weeks after Sonny's birth.
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Capone had a son, Albert Francis Capone, born December 4, 1918. Capone was devoted to the boy who was usually called Sonny. Sonny yad a hearing problem as a result of a mastoid infection when he was little. Hs father took him to a specialist in New York City for a not altogether successful operation (1925). Sonny went to St.Patrick High School, a private school in Florida, along with Desi Arnaz. He later attended Notre Dame University (1937-38) and the University of Miami (1938-41) earning a B.S.degree in business administration. He ran a Miami flower shop (1941-42). During the War he worked at a Miami air depot as a mechanic's apprentice. Later he worked on an aircraft assemly line. He married twice.
Tax Evasion
The St. Valengtine Day Masacre proved to be a serious miscalculation for Capone. As a result of this and other shootings, the public attitude in Chicago and the rest of the country began to change over the bootleg wars unfolding on city streets all over America. The Federal Government sent in Ness's "Untouchables". Capone could not be convicted of murder, but it proved impossible to cover up all the money. Capone was convicted of income tax evasion and sentenced to 11 years. Capone in 1934 was transferred to to the maximum securuity Federal prison at Alcatraz (an island in San Franciso Bay, now a national park), commonly known as "The Rock". At Alcatraz Capone began going "stir crazy," a not uncommon coindition as a result if the tough terms of confinement.
Last Years
A few years after reaching Alcatraz, Capone's health began to decline. He was relaeased in 1939 for meduical reasons. He was by this time a helpless paretic, caused by untreated syphilis. His family brought him to his Florida mansion. He livered there for 8-years. His mental consituion varied. He was reportedly at times lucid, but at other times barely conscious of those about him. His former Chicago assocuates would occassionally visit. One of his Chicago associates judged him, "Nutty as a fruitcake.
biographical details on boys clothing (C)
histclo.com, 3 Aug 2012 [cached]
Capone, Alphonsus - (US, 1899- ): No single individual symbolizes the gangsters that dominated American newspapers during the 1920s more than Scarface Al Capone. The 18th Amendment in 19?? brought prohibition after World War I. This opened up a vast new activity to criminals. The result was a ramapange of lawlessness unlike that American had ever seen and Al Capone became a symbol of that lawlessness. Capone was born in Brooklyn, New York of Italian immigrant parents (1899). He was baptized "Alphonsus Capone" and grew up in a rough neighborhood plagued by "kid gangs". Capone was an intelligent child, but quit school in the 6th grade when he was 14 years old. He was soon involved in various youthful scams and worked in a series of low-paying jobs. He gravitated to the notorious Five Points gang in Manhattan and gradually developed into a full-fledged gangster in Frankie Yale's Brooklyn dive, the Harvard Inn where he worked as a bouncer and bartender. It was at the Club that Capone's face was scarred when after insulted a female patron, he was attacked by her brother. It earned him the nickname "Scarface", Capone went on the dominate the Chicago rackets and became a well-known national figure. He had a son, Sonny, to whom he was devoted.
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