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This profile was last updated on 1/27/07  and contains information from public web pages.
Nacionalista Party
 
Background

Employment History

  • Prime Minister

Board Memberships and Affiliations

  • Member
    Liberal Party
Web References
Page 2 - Single Mans survival guide to Philippines
www.british-filipino.com, 27 Jan 2007 [cached]
They had 4 children: Imee Marcos (Ilocos Norte congresswoman), Ferdinand "Bongbong" Marcos, Jr. (Ilocos Norte governor), Irene Marcos (socialite) and adopted daughter, Aimee Marcos (entrepreneur and musician).
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From 1946 to 1947, Marcos was a technical assistant to President Manuel Roxas.
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In the 1949, national elections, Marcos famously declared "Elect me as your congressman today, and I promise an Ilocano president in twenty years. He served for three consecutive terms in the House of Representatives (1949-59) and a term in the Senate (1959-65).
He also became the president of the Senate from 1962 to 1965. Marcos spent most of his early career as a member of the Liberal Party. He sought the Liberal nomination for president in 1965, but the party nominated incumbent Diosdado Macapagal instead. Marcos switched allegiance, joined the Nacionalista Party and gained their nomination. He and his running mate, Fernando Lopez, defeated Macapagal and Gerardo Roxas in a landslide victory.
Marcos' first term in office showed a lot of promise, building on the relatively robust economy by developing the country's infrastructure and intensifying tax collection. The unemployment rate shrank from 7.20% in 1966 to just 5.20% in 1971. He liberalized trade with the free world, hastening the industrialization of the Philippines.
His claim for being responsible for the country's self-sufficiency in rice is highly disputed; however, there is little doubt that rice production was at its peak during his administration. Marcos also tried to strengthen the foreign relations of the Philippines. He hosted a seven-nation summit conference on the crisis in South Vietnam in October 1966. In support for the U.S. military efforts in South Vietnam, he agreed to send Filipino troops to that war.
Throughout his 21-year tenure, Marcos maintained a close alliance with the United States and was a close friend of Richard Nixon, Ronald Reagan and Lyndon Johnson.
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In 1971, Marcos called for a Constitutional Convention for the purpose of revising the 1935 Constitution.
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However, the Convention's image was tarnished by scandals which included the bribing of some delegates to "vote" against a proposal to prohibit Marcos from staying in power under a new constitution. Marcos himself advocated switching to a parliamentary system, which would allow him to remain in power as prime minister.
Marcos' second term was marked by increasing civil strife known as the "First Quarter Storm. After a series of bombings in Manila which he alleged to have been carried out by the New People's Army of the Communist Party of the Philippines, the interception of a ship containing large amounts of firearms from the People's Republic of China to be used by the New People's Army and an ambush attempt on Defense Secretary Juan Ponce Enrile, Marcos warned of an imminent Communist takeover.
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This proclamation effectively suspended the 1935 Constitution, allowing Marcos to remain in power for the duration of martial law. He soon became a virtual dictator. Defending his right to rule by decree, if he chose, he asserted that otherwise "you will have Communists going back and forth, causing the dastardly ruin of our country, the killing of people and the rape of women."
In 1973, Marcos proclaimed a new constitution that instituted a parliamentary system. It allowed him to serve as both president and prime minister for the duration of martial law. In 1976, Marcos amended the constitution further, allowing himself to hold conccurent posts until the election of an interim National Assembly.
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They have three children Maria Imelda "Imee" Marcos; Ferdinand Marcos II, and Irene Marcos; and one adopted daughter, Aimee.
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