The disparity, says psychologist Aida Hurtado of the University of California, Santa Cruz, is illustrated by a Latino family in her city.The daughter was one of her students, who completed a bachelor's degree and later earned a master's degree in counseling.
While the young woman was progressing in her
brother was killed in a shooting described as gang-related.
Too often, says Ms. Hurtado
, there is a similar pattern: young women overcome poverty to excel at school, while their brothers drop out, find poorly paying jobs and sometimes get into trouble with the law.
Often raised in the inner city, minority boys and girls face similar obstacles, but Professor Hurtado
says cultural factors also come into play.Latino mothers tend to be strict with their teenage daughters.Too often, she
says, the young men are given free rein.
"Young women, the sisters of these young men, end up having very strong curfews, end up having a lot of responsibilities at home, a lot of tasks assigned to them.And if they don't do them, they're accountable," she
says that training can lead to success in school.