won the presidency in September 2004 in the second round of the Indonesian presidential election, in which he
defeated incumbent President Megawati Sukarnoputri.He
was sworn into office on October 20, 2004, together with Jusuf Kalla as Vice President.
Javanese do not have surnames in the Western sense. The name Yudhoyono was not inherited either from his
father or his
mother.While Susilo Bambang uses Yudhoyono
in naming his
children, it is not a descended family surname.
developed a reputation as an extremely talented student in addition to being an academic achiever, excelling in writing poems, short stories, and play-acting.Yudhoyono
was also talented in music and sport, reflected when he
friends established a volleyball club called "Klub Rajawali" and a band called "Gaya Teruna". Music became a hobby for Yudhoyono
often sang one of his
favorite songs, "Pelangi di Matamu" during his
was in 5th grade, Yudhoyono
visited the National Military Academy (AMN) at Magelang.After seeing the soldiers training there and perhaps inspired by his own father's career, Yudhoyono became determined to join ABRI and become a soldier.Yudhoyono had originally wanted to get into the ABRI Academy (Akabri) after graduating from high school in 1968, however, he missed out because he did not register in time.Yudhoyono
then became a lecture at the Sepuluh November Institute of Technology
(ITS) before entering the Teachers Education School in Malang, East Java.There, he
was able to prepare everything for his
next education at Akabri
officially entered Akabri
in 1970 after he
passed the test which took place in Bandung, West Java.
Military careerYudhoyono spent three years at Akabri (Academy of Indonesian Armed Forces) and became the Commander of the Cadet Corps Division there.He graduated from Akabri in 1973, and as the best graduate of the year, received the prestigious Adhi Makayasa Medal from President Suharto.After graduating, Yudhoyono joined Kostrad and became a platoon Commander in the 330 Airborne Battalion.
Aside from leading his
also received the task of giving the Battalion soldiers lessons on general knowledge and English.Yudhoyono's
proficiency in English was one of the reasons why he
was sent to the United States to undertake the Airborne and Ranger Course at Fort Benning in 1975.Yudhoyono returned to Indonesia in 1976 where he became a platoon Commander in the 305 Battalion and assigned to East Timor.Yudhoyono
had several tours of duty there since and, like many other Indonesian officers involved in the occupation of East Timor, was accused of committing war crimes.However, Yudhoyono
has never been charged with any specific act.From East Timor, Yudhoyono became a Mortar platoon commander (1977), an Operations Officer for an Airborne Brigade (1977-1978), and Battalion Commander (1979-1981) at Kostrad.Yudhoyono then spent 1981 and 1982 working at the Army Headquarters.Whilst working at the Army Headquarters, Yudhoyono was sent to the United States again, this time to participate in the Infantry Officer Advanced Course at Fort Benning and in the On The Job Training with the 82nd Airborne Division.Yudhoyono
also spent time at Panama and went through the jungle warfare school.When Yudhoyono returned in 1983, he was made Commander of the Infantry Trainers' School.
It was not long before he
was abroad again this time to Belgium and West Germany to undertake the Antitank weapons Course.In 1985, Yudhoyono
also took a Battalion Commando Course in Malaysia.From 1986-1988, Yudhoyono served at KODAM IX/Udayana which looked after the security of Bali and the smaller Sunda Islands.Yudhoyono was Batalion Commander from 1986-1988 and was part of the Operational Staff in 1988.In 1989, Yudhoyono became a lecturer at the Army Staff College (Seskoad) and delivered a presentation entitled "ABRI's Professionalism at the Present and in the Future".
Together with Agus Wirahadikusumah, Yudhoyono
published a book entitled "The Challenges of Development".
...As a lecturer, Yudhoyono also began to experiment with the concept of democracy.
Whilst at Seskoad
also took the opportunity to further his
own military education.He
went to the US Army Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas
.While at the United States, he also took the opportunity to get an MA in business management from Webster University in 1991.In 1992, Yudhoyono was transferred to the Army Information Department and worked as a speech writer for General Edi Sudrajat, the Army Chief of Staff.
...A year later, Yudhoyono was the Operations Assistant at KODAM Jaya before becoming a Military Resort Commander (KOREM) at KODAM IV/Diponegoro in Central Java.Yudhoyono had one more stint overseas when he became Indonesia's Chief Military Observer of United Nation Peacekeeping Force in Bosnia in 1995-96.When Yudhoyono returned to Indonesia, he was made KODAM Jaya Chief of Staff before being appointed as KODAM II/Sriwijaya Commander.
In this position, Yudhoyono
was responsible for the security of the southern provinces of Sumatra.He served in this position until 1997, when he was appointed Chief of Staff for Social Political Affairs.
At the same time, he
was also appointed Chairman of the ABRI Faction
at the 1998 People's Consultative Assembly (MPR) General Session and participated in Suharto's election to a 7th term as President.During the days which would lead to Suharto's fall in May, Yudhoyono and pro-reform ABRI officers conducted meetings and discussions with Nurcholish Madjid, a secular pro-reform Muslim leader.
accepted to the fact that Suharto should resign but like the ABRI
officers who went to the meeting with him, was reluctant to withdraw their support of Suharto publicly much less ask for Suharto's resignation. Nevertheless the pressure would eventually become too much for Suharto, who resigned on 21 May 1998.
...Yudhoyono was educated in the United States, where he received his Masters degree in Management from Webster University in 1991.He subsequently earned his PhD in agricultural economics from the Bogor Agricultural University on 3 October 2004, two days before his presidential victory was announced. His dissertation is entitled "The Rural and Agricultural Development as an Effort to Alleviate Poverty and Unemployment: a political economic analysis of fiscal policy". He was also awarded with two honorary doctorates in 2005, respectively in the field of law from his alma mater, Webster University, and in political science from Thammasat University in Thailand.
Wahid PresidencyYudhoyono was appointed Mines and Energy Minister in the government of President Abdurrahman Wahid in 1999.
At the same time, Yudhoyono
military career with the rank of Lieutenant General, although he
would be made honorary General in 2000.
...In August 2000, after a Cabinet reshuffle, Yudhoyono became the Coordinating Minister for Politics and Security.
One of his
tasks was to get the army out of politics.This is in line with his
reformist ideas on the future of Indonesian military, and is a view he
has held since his
days in an army policy center.He
said at that time:
Another task that Yudhoyono
was given was as an intermediary between Wahid and the Suharto family.
was sent by Wahid to convey this wish and to negotiate with them.
was not successful in this venture.In the beginning of 2001, with political pressure increasing on him, Wahid ordered Yudhoyono to form a Crisis Centre with Yudhoyono as Chairman The purpose of this Crisis Centre was to assist the President in giving policy advice and was headquartered at Yudhoyono's office.
It seemed as if because of this appointment, Yudhoyono
could be considered one of Wahid's men, however Yudhoyono would break ranks from Wahid in July 2001 when the latter was facing impeachment.
In desperation, Wahid issued a decree freezing the People's Representative Council
(DPR) and then asked Yudhoyono
to declare a st