7. But Adam
never denoted a first man who was produced without a mother, nor Eve a first woman formed from an actual rib of Adam
.That is but the literalisation of a symbolical mode of representation, the key to which has been long mislaid.
8. Speaking of the matter found in the Pentateuch, Philo, the learned Jew, told his
countrymen the truth when he
said: "The literal statement is a fabulous one, and it is in the mythical we shall find the true."On the other hand, he
asserts of the myths found in the Hebrew form: "These things are not mere fabulous inventions, in which the race of poets and sophists delight, but are types shadowing forth an allegorical truth according to some mystical explanation;" not a history.
The Word of God says that the act of Adam
brought death into the world.
...21. The French Egyptologist, M. Lefébure, who has lately identified Adam with the Egyptian Atum, as I had done seven years earlier in my Book of Beginnings, refers to a scene on the coffin of Penpii in the Louvre, which is similar to the history of Adam in the terrestrial paradise, where a naked and ithyphallique personage called "the Lord of food" (Neb-tefa), is standing before a serpent with two legs and two arms, and the reptile is offering him a red fruit, or at least a little round object painted red.
The same scene is again found on the tomb of Rameses VI.And on a statue relatively recent in the Museum of Turin
it is to Atum = Adam
that the serpent, as Tempter, is offering the round object, or fruit of the tree.
22. The same writer says-"The Tree of life and knowledge was well known in Egypt."
23. And "whether the scene of Neb-tefa can be identified with the history of Adam
or not, we can see that the greater number of the peculiar features of this history existed in Egypt-the tree of life and knowledge, the serpent of Paradise, Eve thinking of appropriating divinity to herself, and in short Adam
himself, are all there."(Trans. S. Bib.Arch. v.9, pt.1., p. 180.)
Ptah is the father of Atum = Adam
, the father of human beings.He
is designated the father of the fathers, an equivalent to the title of Ialdabaoth, chief of the seven Gnostic Elohim
In accordance with this sixth creation we learn from the Targum of Palestine that Adam
, as the Adamic man, was created in the image of the Lord, his
maker, with 365 nerves.
61. These two creations of man on the sixth day and on the eighth were those of the Adamic or fleshly man and of the spiritual man, who were known to Paul and the Gnostics as the first and second Adam
, the man of earth and the man from heaven.
So that the Egyptian first mother, Kefa, whose name signifies mystery, was the original of the Hebrew Chavah, our Eve; and therefore Adam
is one with Sevekh, the sevenfold one, the solar dragon, in whom the powers of light and darkness were combined, and the sevenfold nature was shown in seven rays worn by the Gnostic Iao-Chnubis, god of the number seven, who is Sevekh by name and a form of the first father as head of the seven.Another bit of evidence here may be adduced from the Rabbinical legends relating to Adam's first wife.Her
name was Lilith, and Lilith = Rerit, is that Egyptian goddess whose constellation was the Great Bear.Thus Adam
and Eve are identified at last with the Greater and Lesser Bears, and the mythical Tree of Knowledge with the celestial Northern Pole.The Hebrew Adam can be likewise shown to have been a form of the chief one of the earlier seven who fell from heaven.Not only is he
the head of the first group of Patriarchs
turned into historical characters in the Genesis, who are seven in number, preceding the ten, but also learn that, in the mysteries of Samothrace, the name of Adam
was given to the first and chief one of the Seven Kabiri, who were a form of the earliest Seven time-keepers, that failed and fell from heaven!Moreover, the Gnostics identify these primary seven by nature and by name as the Seven Mundane Dæmons who always oppose and resist the human race, because it was on their account that the father among the seven was cast down to a lower world!-not to the earth.One name of this father is Ialdabaoth.Adam is another name of the same mythical personage, and Adam at Samothrace was chief of the Seven.Adam
, as the father among the Seven
, is identical with the Egyptian Atum
, who was the father-god in his
first sovereignty, and whose other name of Adon is identical with the Hebrew Adonai.In this way the second creation in Genesis reflects and continues the later creation in the mythos, which explains it.The Fall of Adam
to the lower world led to his
being humanized on earth, by which process the celestial was turned into the mortal, and this, which belongs to the astronomical allegory, got literalised as the fall of Man, or descent of the soul into matter, and the conversion of the angelic into an earthly being.
The Fall was not to the earth, nor on the earth, but to a lower heaven, called the Adamah in Genesis; nor did Adam
and Eve become human realities below because they were outcast gods of constellations that were superseded above.
They are also referred to by Esdras as the other people who are nothing, "but be like unto spittle"-that is, when compared with those who descended from the father, as Adam
, or Atum, on earth, and who worshipped a father, as Atum, or Jehovah, in heaven.There were seven creations altogether; seven heavens, which were planetary in their final phase, seven creators, and seven races of men.And when the one God had been evolved he was placed at the head of the Seven.
Hence Ptah in Egypt was called the Father of the fathers, who in India are known as the Seven Pitris.So Ahura-Mazda, Ialdabaoth, or Jehovah, was placed first in the later creation.
Hence the Hebrew letter Yod, the sign of ten, is a symbol of the ineffable name of Iao, Jah, or Jehovah; thus the name of the Iao can be expressed in Roman numerals by the 1 and 0, which figure the number 10: and this figure of the ten-fold totality so made up is both the heavenly man, called Adam Kadmon
by the Kabalists, composed of what they term the 10 Sephiroth, and the Supreme Being worshipped by the whole of Christendom today as the one God, supposed to have been made known by Divine revelation to a Monotheistic race of men.